What are Chakras?

Last Updated: December 27, 2023

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Chakras are seven energy centers in the physical body, according to ancient Indian and yoga texts. The Chakra system is believed to be thousands of years old and is essential to many practices such as yoga, meditation, and spirituality. 

Here we will look at the basics of the seven main chakras, including their history, modern uses, and how to learn more about this ancient method for connecting the mind and body.

What Are Chakras?

The word chakra comes from the Sanskrit meaning "wheel" or "disk." The seven chakras are believed to be spinning wheels of energy that run along the spine.

Each of the seven main chakras are associated with a different color, element, and emotional health. The chakras are also connected to different glands and organs in the human body.

The thought of each chakra represented by the colors of the rainbow was adopted by Western thinkers of the 20th century. With this also came associations with different materials, minerals, stones, herbs, cards, etc. This way of thinking is referred to as Western Chakra System.

Root Chakra

Starting with the lower chakra, the first chakra is located at the base of the spine and is associated with the color red and the element earth.

This chakra is said to be connected to our survival instincts and our feeling of safety and security. The Sanskrit name is Muladhara chakra.

Sacral Chakra

The second chakra, located just below the navel, is associated with the color orange and the element water.

This chakra is connected to our emotions, sexuality, and creativity. The Sanskrit name is Svadhishthana chakra.

Solar Plexus Chakra

The third chakra, located in the stomach area, is associated with the color yellow and the element fire.

This chakra is connected to our sense of personal power and self-esteem. The Sanskrit name is Manipura chakra.

Heart Chakra

The fourth chakra, located in the center of the chest, is associated with the color green and the element air.

This chakra is connected to our ability to love and be loved and our sense of compassion. The Sanskrit name is Anahata chakra.

It also bridges the major chakras, connecting the lower chakras (materiality) and the upper chakras (spirituality).

Throat Chakra

The fifth chakra, located in the throat area, is associated with the color blue and the element sound.

This chakra is connected to our ability to communicate and express ourselves. The Sanskrit name is Vishuddha chakra.

Third Eye Chakra

The sixth chakra, located between the eyebrows, is associated with the color indigo and the element light.

This chakra is said to be connected to our intuition and our ability to see clearly. The original name for this energy center is Ajna chakra.

Crown Chakra

The seventh chakra, located at the crown of the head, is associated with the color violet and the element thought.

This chakra is said to be connected to spiritual connection to the universe and ourselves. The Sanskrit name is Sahasrara chakra.

illustration of crown chakra placement

History of Chakras

Chakras are believed to have originated in India. The word "chakra" comes from the Sanskrit word meaning "wheel." They were first mentioned in Hindu texts dating back to 1500 BC. The chakras were then adopted by Buddhist and Tibetan traditions.

The chakras were initially used to connect the mind and body. The seven chakras were seen as spinning wheels of energy that ran along the spine. Each chakra was associated with a different color, element, and emotion. The chakras were also said to be connected to different glands and organs in the body.

The chakras were seen as a way to balance the mind and body. They were believed to be able to help with physical, emotional, and mental health.

The concept of chakras, originating from ancient Hindu scriptures, has been adopted and interpreted in various traditions, including Buddhism. These traditions delve into the profound spiritual significance of chakras, often symbolized by the 'rainbow body' in Buddhist texts.

While the scientific community doesn't provide direct evidence for the physiological effects of chakras, many wellness professionals advocate their importance in emotional and mental health.

This blend of ancient wisdom and modern interpretation underscores the timeless relevance of chakras in our quest for balance and harmony.

Modern Uses of Chakras

Modern uses of chakrasChakras are still used today as a way to connect the mind and body. Many people use chakra meditation or yoga to help balance their chakras.

Chakras can also be used for healing. Some people believe that a chakra can cause physical or emotional problems if it is out of balance. By balancing the chakras and restoring the energy flow, you are believed to heal the body and mind.

No direct scientific evidence supports the claims that chakras can heal the body or mind. However, many people believe in the power of chakras and use them to improve their mental health and well-being.

Chakra Meditation and Yoga Poses

Chakra meditation and specific yoga poses can greatly enhance the balance and alignment of your chakras. Each chakra corresponds to particular poses that stimulate and open up energy flow.

For instance, the Camel Pose is excellent for the Heart Chakra, promoting openness and compassion. The Fish Pose benefits the Throat Chakra, aiding in clear communication. The Child's Pose, gentle and grounding, is ideal for stabilizing the Root Chakra.

Integrating these poses into your yoga routine can be a transformative way to experience the full potential of your chakras.

The Physical and Subtle Body Connection

The chakras serve as bridges between the physical body and the subtle body, intertwining the spiritual with the physical. This connection can be observed through the impact of chakras on the spinal cord, major organs, and nerve plexuses.

For example, the Solar Plexus Chakra is closely linked to digestive organs, influencing gut health and personal power. Understanding this interplay offers a holistic approach to well-being, where nurturing the chakras can lead to physical and emotional healing.


The Chakra System as a Bio-Socio-Psycho-Spiritual Model of Consciousness

A Chakra System Model of Lifespan Development

A Brief History of the Chakras in the Human Body

The Importance of Treating Energy Imbalances

The Chakra System and Psychotherapy

The Importance of Correcting Energy Imbalances and Chakras Energy Deficiencies in the Treatment of Patients with Glaucoma

The effect of chakra meditation on heart chakra

Effect of Meditation on Chakra Energy

Scientific Analysis of Mantra-Based Meditation

Improving quality of life using compound mind-body therapies

The Effects of Classical Music based Chakra Meditation


The contents of this article are provided for informational purposes only and are not intended to substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. It is always recommended to consult with a qualified healthcare provider before making any health-related changes or if you have any questions or concerns about your health. Anahana is not liable for any errors, omissions, or consequences that may occur from using the information provided.

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