Last Updated: June 19, 2024

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Stress is our body and mind's natural response to difficult situations or demands. It can manifest physically, mentally, or emotionally, causing tension, anxiety, or sleep disturbances. However, simple ways to alleviate stress include staying active, connecting with loved ones, and setting boundaries.

Key Takeaways

  • Stress can affect both mental and physical health, causing stress symptoms like rapid breathing, chest tightness, headaches, and muscle tension.

  • Emotional and behavioral signs of stress include persistent worry, irritability, mood swings, changes in appetite, and procrastination.

  • Managing stress involves recognizing triggers, engaging in physical activities like walking or yoga, and practicing relaxation techniques such as deep breathing and meditation.

  • Seeking support from loved ones or consulting a mental health professional can help address chronic stress and its impact on mental health disorders.

Stress Explained

Stress is a common experience we all encounter, impacting both our physical and mental health. Much like most things in life, stress isn't one-size-fits-all. There's acute stress, which comes and goes, and then there's chronic or long-term stress, the persistent burden that wears us down over time. Both types can significantly impact our health and quality of life.

Understand the complexities of stress and how it can impact us beyond just managing the chaos; Learn how to reclaim your peace and well-being, one step at a time, even when faced with stressful situations.

Common Signs and Symptoms of Stress

Understanding the signs of stress is the first step toward managing it. While everyone responds to stress uniquely, there are some common indicators to keep an eye on:

Physical Symptoms

There are many physical symptoms of stress, including acute and chronic ones. Some acute symptoms of stress include:

  • Rapid breathing: feeling like you can't catch your breath.

  • Chest tightness: that sensation of a weight on your chest when stress piles up.

  • Elevated blood pressure: feeling your heart race during stressful situations.

  • Trouble sleeping: tossing and turning as your mind races with worries.

  • Muscle tension: feeling like you're carrying the weight of the world on your shoulders, quite literally.

The symptoms of chronic stress differ. You may find yourself experiencing headaches or migraines, that unmistakable pounding sensation in your temples after a particularly challenging day.

An upset stomach, too, might manifest as a feeling of knots twisting in your belly before an important event or a difficult conversation. Digestive problems often accompany these feelings, making meal times less than enjoyable.

Emotional Signs

Stress can affect our emotions in many ways, including:

  • Overwhelm: feeling like you're drowning in tasks and responsibilities, struggling to keep your head above water.

  • Persistent worry: constantly fretting about what might go wrong, your mind racing with "what ifs."

  • Irritability: snapping at loved ones over little things, feeling like you're walking on a tightrope of emotions.

  • Mood swings: riding an emotional rollercoaster from high to low, feeling like you're at the mercy of your ever-changing feelings.

Chronic stress can cause symptoms such as anxiety, panic attacks, depression, or isolation from loved ones.

Behavioral Changes

There are some common behavioral symptoms of stress to watch out for. You might notice your appetite changing when you feel stressed, either eating less or maybe turning to snacks for a little comfort. It's like you're on autopilot without even realizing how your eating habits are shifting.

Then there's procrastination - putting off tasks or responsibilities might seem easier when everything feels too much.

Causes of Stress

common causes of stress

Stress often arises from a multitude of sources, both big and small. Here are some common triggers of stress:

  • Significant life changes, whether they're exciting milestones or unexpected hurdles, can leave us to feel overwhelmed and shaky.

  • Job loss or workplace stress can bring about financial worries and emotional turmoil.

  • The loss of a loved one can deeply affect us and lead to heightened stress levels.

  • Daily challenges like traffic congestion, work deadlines, and family responsibilities can gradually pile up and take a toll on our well-being.

  • Environmental factors like noise pollution and crowded spaces can also affect our stress levels.

  • Personal struggles, such as insecurities or past traumas, can resurface unexpectedly, adding to our stress load.

  • Dealing with a serious health condition, like anxiety disorders, mental illness, whether it's our own or a loved one's, can be emotionally draining and filled with uncertainty.

Effects of Chronic Stress

When stress becomes a constant presence, it quietly infiltrates every corner of our lives, leaving its mark on both our physical and mental health, as well as our relationships.

Stress and Relationships

Stress can really put a strain on relationships. When either one or both partners are dealing with stress, it can impact our communication, emotional connection, and conflict resolution. When stressors pile up, it's like a thick fog settling between partners, making it hard to see each other clearly and connect deeply. It can feel like you're speaking different languages, unable to bridge the gap between your experiences and emotions.

As tensions rise, our sense of security starts to fade, triggering our body's "fight or flight" response. It's like a switch flips: anger might make us confrontational, while fear might push us to pull away, creating distance and misunderstandings between partners.

Even our brain's ability to interpret facial expressions can be impacted, causing us to misread neutral cues as hostile signals, leading to more misunderstandings and tension in relationships.

Changes in Brain Structure and Function

When we're constantly stressed, it doesn't just affect how we feel—it can also reshape how our brains work. But don't worry, our brains are pretty amazing at adapting through a process called neuroplasticity.

For instance, in certain anxiety disorders, our memory centers might shrink a bit, while the parts of our brain responsible for processing fear can become more pronounced or active. Plus, our ability to make decisions may struggle to keep our fear responses in check when we're feeling anxious.

These changes influence how we perceive and handle stress, adding to the challenges of managing anxiety.

Physical and Sexual Health

Before we dive into how stress affects our bodies, it's important to remember that these effects don't happen overnight. So, there's no need to panic. With patience and self-care, you can reverse these effects and take positive steps toward better health and well-being.

Stress can have negative impacts on our nervous system. When we experience stress, our body becomes flooded with stress hormones.

As time passes, this heightened hormonal activity can result in complications within the nervous system and a state of constant alertness, ultimately leading to the exhaustion of the body's resources.

Chronic stress can negatively impact heart health as it can cause chronic high blood pressure, which can increase the risk of heart attacks or cardiovascular disease.

Continuous stress weakens the immune system, making the body susceptible to infections and illnesses.

Stress can affect the digestive system and result in stomachaches, nausea, or severe conditions like ulcers and irritable bowel syndrome.

Chronic stress affects the libido and causes other reproductive issues for both men and women.

In men, persistent stress can decrease testosterone levels, which may result in reduced sexual desire. Similarly, in women, ongoing stress can disrupt hormonal balance and our endocrine system, leading to irregular menstrual cycles and potential difficulties with fertility.

Mental Health Problems

Chronic stress is a primary factor in developing or exacerbating anxiety disorders and depression.

The prolonged activation of the body's stress response can disrupt neurotransmitter balance and alter brain chemistry, significantly increasing the vulnerability to these mental health conditions.

Stress can also lead to mental exhaustion, making daily tasks feel insurmountable and negatively impacting a person’s daily functioning.
Stress can also lead to irritability, which can strain relationships with family, friends, and colleagues.

Four Stress Management Techniques

Stress management is about more than just finding ways to relax. It's about establishing routines, setting boundaries, and adopting healthy habits to maintain a balanced life.

Recognizing the sources of stress is the first step to manage stress effectively. Whether it's reorganizing work schedules or seeking support from loved ones, understanding what triggers stress allows us to take proactive steps toward addressing it.

Each person's path to managing stress is unique. Some may find solace in simple rituals, while others may lean on the support of friends, family, or professionals. Whatever the approach, the key lies in taking intentional steps to reduce stress and enhance resilience in facing life's inevitable challenges.

Move Your Body

Some physical activities that provide stress relief include:

  • Walking: Walking helps clear the mind and lower stress levels - nothing beats a relaxing nature walk.

  • Running or jogging: Participating in aerobic exercises like running or jogging releases endorphins, natural mood lifters.

  • Yoga: Practicing yoga involves entering certain positions and movements combined with mindful breathing.

  • Pilates: Like yoga, Pilates focuses on controlled movements and breathing to relieve stress, improve flexibility, and boost our health in multiple ways.

  • Tai Chi: Engaging in the practice of Tai Chi, with its slow and controlled movements, promotes relaxation and balance.

  • Strength training: Participating in activities such as lifting weights or using resistance bands helps reduce stress by promoting the release of endorphins and building physical resilience.

Prioritize Rest

Ensuring we get enough sleep can strengthen our body's resilience against stress and boost our immune system. A good night's sleep plays a crucial role in physical and mental recovery, allowing the body to repair and rest and for the brain to process emotions, thoughts, and information from the day.

Consistently receiving adequate sleep can improve mood, enhance cognitive function, and keep our stress response in check.

Regulate Your Nervous System

Alongside exercise, practices like deep breathing, meditation, and mindfulness can be helpful techniques for coping with stress. These techniques help calm the mind and reduce stress and anxiety.

Deep breathing exercises, such as diaphragmatic breathing, can activate the body's relaxation response, lowering heart rate and decreasing muscle tension.

Meditation encourages focused attention and increased awareness, which can help people to detach from stressors and find mental clarity.

Mindfulness involves being fully present in the moment without judgment, allowing us to observe our thoughts and emotions without becoming overwhelmed.

Open Up Your Heart

Sharing with trusted loved ones can deepen our bonds by allowing us to feel truly seen and understood, especially when we're grappling with too much stress. Sometimes, just knowing that others relate to our struggles can soothe our frazzled nerves and make us feel safe.

Try some intimacy-building exercises inspired by The Gottman Institute. Consider asking your partner or a loved one these questions, or even use them as journal prompts to delve into your own emotions and find ways to navigate stress when it feels overwhelming:

  • How have you been feeling lately with everything going on?

  • What are some things that have been helping you cope with stress?

  • How do these coping strategies contribute to our connection?

  • Are there any ways in which stress is impacting our relationship that we can work through together?

  • What steps can we take as a team to support each other and reduce stress in our lives?


Stress is a common part of life, something we all experience. But here's the good news: it's reversible. By making simple changes to your routines and prioritizing self-care, you can reduce its impact on your physical and emotional health, as well as your relationships.

Just the fact that you're reading this shows your willingness to make a positive change. So, take heart - you have the power to lead a life with less stress.


Deciphering the role of physical activity in stress management during a global pandemic in older Adult populations: a systematic Review protocol

Chronic Stress > Fact Sheets > Yale Medicine

Understanding the stress response - Harvard Health

Stress | WHO

Mindfulness Is Associated With Lower Stress and Higher Work Engagement in a Large Sample of MOOC Participants


The contents of this article are provided for informational purposes only and are not intended to substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. It is always recommended to consult with a qualified healthcare provider before making any health-related changes or if you have any questions or concerns about your health. Anahana is not liable for any errors, omissions, or consequences that may occur from using the information provided.